Mammals of Eritrea

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This is a list of the “mammal species recorded in Eritrea”. These are the mammal species in Eritrea, of which 1 is critically endangered, 2 are endangered, 10 are vulnerable, and 3 are near-threatened.

The following tags are used to highlight each species’ conservation status as assessed by the IUCN: Some species were assessed using an earlier set of criteria. Species assessed using this system have the following instead of Near Threatened and Least Concern categories:

The order Tubulidentata consists of a single species, the Aardvark.

Tubulidentata are characterised by their teeth which lack a pulp cavity and form thin tubes which are continuously worn down and replaced.

The hyraxes are any of four species of fairly small, thickset, herbivorous mammals in the order Hyracoidea. About the size of a domestic cat they are well-furred, with rounded bodies and a stmpy tail. They are native to Africa and the Middle East.

The elephants comprise three living species and are the largest living land animals.

Sirenia is an order of fully aquatic, herbivorous mammals that inhabit rivers, estuaries, coastal marine waters, swamps, and marine wetlands. All four species are endangered.

The order Primates contains humans and their closest relatives: lemurs, lorisoids, tarsiers, monkeys, and apes.

Rodents make up the largest order of mammals, with over 40 percent of mammalian species. They have two incisors in the upper and lower jaw which grow continually and must be keep short by gnawing. Most rodents are small though the capybara can weigh up to 45 kg . Wiz Science™ is “the” learning channel for children and all ages.

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